Activities and services that Tree domestication is a rapid vegetative method of tree multiplication which aims at maintaining fruit quality and which brings about early fructification. There are different techniques which include: bud grafting, marcotts and rooting of leafy cuttings. Moreover if these species are domesticated and planted in gardens, the human pressure on the trees in their natural habitat will be reduced. Thus it represents several advantages: protection of these endangered species and also trees are growing close to rural household which avoid farmer’s long transportation from the forest.
This involves using a rapid vegetative method of tree multiplication which aims at maintaining fruit quality and which brings about early fructification. There are different techniques which include: bud grafting, marcotts and rooting of leafy cuttings. Tree domestication is quite appropriate for fruit trees. The MIFACIG Training and Resource Centre has equally applied this on medicinal trees and trees that produce Non Timber Forest Products which are now domesticated and planted in gardens, orchards or private forests. Human pressure on the trees in their natural habitat will thus be reduced and endangered species protected and revived.
Modern apiary development
Modern apiary development is a complementary rural activity to tree cultivation. The role of bees in pollination of trees has a good impact on the yields. Also, the modern bee-keeping techniques enhance the quality of honey compared to the local techniques of bee-keeping. With modern bee-keeping, both quality and quantity will be improved, so better prices for farmers.
Organic gardening and medicinal plants cultivation
The organic gardening and medicinal plants cultivation lead farmers to improve the food production in their garden with the use of organic manure, restore the soil fertility thanks to agroforestry techniques integration. The medicinal plants can be produced for households and also sold to traditional healers and others.
Group dynamics is a precious knowledge to lead and manage groups and to solve conflicts within different partners. A lot of farmers have very interesting self-initiatives but are not strong enough to face common difficulties of groups.
All these topics are bounded with MIFACIG vision. According to the current policies towards environmental protection and the needs of rural people, MIFACIG felt completely concerned with environmental degradation like biodiversity reduction, pollution, reduction of soil fertility, climate change. During the UN conference on Environment and Development in Rio Earth Summit (1992), Cameroon presented a report on the state of its environment, highlighting the adverse effect of increasing poverty and of the degradation of the natural resources and then was led a national action plan aggregated in a document according to Agenda 21 from the Rio Earth Summit. MIFACIG has been created in accordance with Law 92/006 of 14/07/92 as part of its efforts in contributing towards meeting up with the national environmental management.